Basic Network Information

Network code: PF Identifier: doi:10.18715/reunion.PF
Type: Permanent DataCite metadata: [ search ]
Archived at: IPGP Data Center Data access: Geophysical Data (metadata, time series)
GNSS Data
Time Range: 1979 to now
Publisher: Institut de physique du globe de Paris (IPGP), Université de Paris
Creators: Observatoire volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (OVPF)
Institut de physique du globe de Paris (IPGP)
Abstract:

The three main missions of the Piton de la fournaise volcano observatory (OVPF) are 1) to observe and study volcanic phenomena through real-time volcano monitoring, 2) to conduct research programs, and 3) to communicate, disseminate and inform authorities and civil society.

These real-time observations and research can contribute to the prevention, and mitigation of seismic and volcanic risks. The main objective is to collect geological, geophysical and geochemical data over long periods of time to improve the understanding and modeling of volcanic processes at active volcanoes, to allow the systematic elaboration of long-term multi-parameters databases available to the scientific community, and to inform the authorities in charge of civil protection of any change in the volcano activity and after periods of local and regionally felt earthquakes. These missions can be done thanks to the PF network.

The permanent PF network is composed of stations geographically distributed mainly on the Piton de la Fournaise volcano edifice, and on a broader extension on the whole La Reunion Island.

The stations all share the following features:
  (1) power: solar panels and battery, or sometimes national electricity company,
  (2) telemetry: radio, wifi, 4G, or internet link, and
  (3) sensors: seismometers, GNSS receivers, tiltmeters, extensometers, gas sensors, cameras and weather sensors.
  Some of the stations are multi-sensors.

Ground sensors are well coupled with the ground, and the environmental insulation is ensured by insulating foil and plastic box, or by installation in natural or anthropic vaults, or inside boreholes (3 of the 10 tiltmeters).

Most of the time, sensors are separated from the electronics in order to avoid any electric, magnetic and thermal mutual influence.

Seismometers are broadband Güralp CMG3-ESP compact, Nanometrics trillium compact posthole 120s, or short period L4-1Hz.

GNSS receivers are Topcon GB1000, Trimble NetRS, Trimble NetR9, Trimble Alloy, Septentrio PolaRx5 - sampling rate of 30 s or 1 s.

Tiltmeters are IPGP « home-made » BLUM tiltmeters, Spectron tiltmeters or LILY self-levelling borehole tiltmeters from Applied Geomechanics - sampling rate of 1 min or 1 s. They are installed by pairs.

Extensometers are “Telemac” instruments, REPP model.

Gas stations measuring CO2 in the soil are INGV products, and the ones measuring gas in the air are either INGV products (multigas) or DOAS (SO2).

Rain gauges are "Precis-mecanique" and Vaisala products.

All data are disseminated either in miniSEED format (seismic and low-rate geophysical data) or in Rinex format for GNSS after validation procedure.

A few stations are run and owned both by OVPF and the University of La Reunion.

Citation: Observatoire volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (OVPF), Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP) (2008). Seismic, deformation, gas, magnetic and weather permanent networks on Piton de la Fournaise volcano and La Reunion Island. Institut de physique du globe de Paris (IPGP), Université de Paris. https://doi.org/10.18715/reunion.PF
References:

Peltier, A., Bachèlery, P., & Staudacher, T. (2009). Magma transport and storage at Piton de La Fournaise (La Réunion) between 1972 and 2007: A review of geophysical and geochemical data. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 184(1-2), 93–108. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JVOLGEORES.2008.12.008

Brenguier, F., Kowalski, P., Staudacher, T., Ferrazzini, V., Lauret, F., Boissier, P., Catherine, P., Lemarchand, A., Pequegnat, C., Meric, O., Pardo, C., Peltier, A., Tait, S., Shapiro, N. M., Campillo, M., & Di Muro, A. (2012). First Results from the UnderVolc High Resolution Seismic and GPS Network Deployed on Piton de la Fournaise Volcano. Seismological Research Letters, 83(1), 97–102. https://doi.org/10.1785/GSSRL.83.1.97

doi: 10.1785/0220200212

Stations in this network


Réseau Station Nom de la station Latitude Longitude Élevation Type Début Fin Canaux
PF DCBOM Station GPS Bory Nord -21.24 55.71 2549 GNSS 2009-10-12
PF DCBON Station GPS Bory Nord -21.24 55.71 2565 GNSS 2006-05-16 2010-03-01
PF DCBOR Station GPS Bory Cabane -21.25 55.71 2579 GNSS 2001-11-20
PF DCCAS Station GPS Piton des Cascades -21.18 55.83 162 GNSS 2010-03-16
PF DCCHA Station GPS Chapelle de Rosemont -21.23 55.7 2263 GNSS 2006-07-19 2011-07-05
PF DCCRA Station GPS du Piton de Crac -21.22 55.76 998 GNSS 2009-12-02
PF DCDER Station GPS Dolomieu Est -21.24 55.72 2489 GNSS 2001-10-24
PF DCDSR Station GPS Dolomieu Sud -21.25 55.72 2519 GNSS 2002-10-23
PF DCENC Station GPS du Point 200 - Enclos -21.24 55.68 2353 GNSS 2004-02-17
PF DCENO Station GPS Enclos Nord Ouest -21.24 55.7 2248 GNSS 2011-06-23
PF DCFER Station GPS de Flanc Est -21.24 55.73 1947 GNSS 2005-08-18
PF DCFEU Station GPS du Phare de Saint-Philippe -21.33 55.8 67 GNSS 2013-03-15
PF DCFJA Station GPS de Cratere Faujas -21.23 55.72 2095 GNSS 2008-06-17
PF DCFJS Station GPS de Cratere Faujas -21.23 55.72 2105 GNSS 2005-08-26 2008-06-17
PF DCFOA Station GPS de Chateau Fort nouveau -21.26 55.72 2025 GNSS 2010-09-16
PF DCFOR Station GPS de Chateau Fort -21.26 55.72 2024 GNSS 2005-08-19 2010-09-16
PF DCFRE Station GPS du Fond de la Riviere de l'Est -21.2 55.7 1780 GNSS 2012-12-10
PF DCGB1 Station GPS du Grand Brule 1 -21.29 55.8 130 GNSS 2008-04-01
PF DCGBN Station GPS du Grand Brule Nord -21.22 55.8 137 GNSS 2011-07-06
PF DCGBS Station GPS du Grand Brule Sud -21.27 55.78 471 GNSS 2009-10-28
PF DCGIT Station GPS du Gite -21.22 55.69 2267 GNSS 2001-11-20
PF DCGPN Station GPS des Grandes Pentes Nord -21.24 55.75 1414 GNSS 2010-04-12
PF DCGPS Station GPS des Grandes Pentes Sud -21.27 55.76 1005 GNSS 2010-04-14
PF DCHDL Station GPS Hubert Delisle -21.25 55.79 211 GNSS 2009-10-09
PF DCPBR Station GPS de Piton des Basaltes -21.22 55.65 2432 GNSS 2013-02-06
PF DCPRA Station GPS de Puys Ramond -21.29 55.71 2084 GNSS 2012-12-18
PF DCRIV Station GPS du Cratere Rivals -21.25 55.7 2240 GNSS 2005-09-05 2009-03-23
PF DCRVL Station GPS du Cratere Rivals -21.26 55.7 2200 GNSS 2009-03-18
PF DCSNE Station GPS de Soufriere -21.24 55.72 2495 GNSS 2002-07-30
PF DCTRC Station GPS Citerne du Tremblet -21.29 55.8 174 GNSS 2008-03-14
PF ADV Ferme solaire Adam de Villier Ste Rose -21.14 55.79 135 Sismologie 2017-06-27
PF BLE Station Sismologique du piton Bleu -21.16 55.56 1655 Sismologie 2015-04-23
PF BOB Station Sismologique de Bois Blanc -21.2 55.82 67 Sismologie 2004-09-01 2016-09-15
PF BON Bory Nord -21.24 55.71 2552 Sismologie 2011-05-09
PF BOR Station Sismologique de Cratere Bory -21.25 55.71 2540 Sismologie 1989-01-01
PF CAM College de Cambuston -20.93 55.65 15 Sismologie 2013-07-10
PF CIL Cilaos (Pompiers) -21.13 55.47 1223 Sismologie 2012-12-05
PF CRA Crac -21.22 55.76 998 Sismologie 2011-05-16
PF CSS Enclos Sery Sud -21.25 55.68 2193 Sismologie 2011-05-05
PF DSM Station Sismologique de Dolomieu Sud Ouest Master -21.25 55.71 2517 Sismologie 2015-06-17
PF DSO Station Sismologique de Dolomieu Sud Ouest -21.25 55.71 2517 Sismologie 2007-05-29
PF ENO Station Sismologique Enclos Nord Ouest -21.24 55.7 2240 Sismologie 2012-11-22
PF EOL Station Sismologique des Eoliennes -21.16 55.81 150 Sismologie 2004-09-01 2015-11-22
PF FEU Station Sismologique du Phare Saint Philippe -21.33 55.8 50 Sismologie 2007-04-01
PF FJS Station Sismologique de Faujas -21.23 55.72 2123 Sismologie 2011-01-01
PF FLR Station Sismologique de Flanc Est -21.24 55.73 1947 Sismologie 2011-01-01
PF FOR Station Sismologique de Chateau Fort -21.26 55.72 2049 Sismologie 2011-01-01
PF FRE Station Sismologique des Fonds de la Riviere de l'Est -21.2 55.7 1775 Sismologie 2013-06-06
PF GBS Grandes pentes coulee 1943 bas -21.27 55.78 471 Sismologie 2011-05-16
PF GPN Grandes Pentes Nord -21.24 55.75 1413 Sismologie 2011-05-16
PF GPS Grandes Pentes Sud -21.27 55.76 1004 Sismologie 2011-05-16
PF HDL Station Sismologique de Hubert Delisle -21.25 55.79 242 Sismologie 2011-01-01
PF HIM cratere Himiltrude -21.21 55.72 1958 Sismologie 2011-05-09
PF LCR Station Sismologique de la crete -21.34 55.67 660 Sismologie 1989-01-01
PF MAID Maido (Observatoire) -21.08 55.38 2169 Sismologie 2015-06-05
PF MAT College Henri Matisse -21.3 55.45 141 Sismologie 2012-01-01
PF MVL Musee Villele -21.06 55.26 443 Sismologie 2012-12-12
PF NSR Station Sismologique de Nez Coupe de Sainte Rose -21.21 55.72 2035 Sismologie 2002-02-14
PF NTR Station Sismologique de Nez Coupe du Tremblet -21.28 55.74 1900 Sismologie 1989-01-01
PF OBS Plaine des Cafres- Observatoire Volcanologique -21.21 55.57 1550 Sismologie 2014-01-30
PF PBR Station Sismologique du Piton des Basaltes -21.22 55.65 2420 Sismologie 1989-01-01
PF PCR Station Sismologique de la Plaine des Cafres -21.21 55.57 1540 Sismologie 2001-10-08
PF PER Station Sismologique du Piton de l'eau -21.19 55.69 2085 Sismologie 1989-01-01
PF PHR Station Sismologique du Piton Hubert -21.25 55.67 2280 Sismologie 1989-01-01
PF PJR Station Sismologique de piece jeanne -21.23 55.4 800 Sismologie 2006-04-28
PF PRA Puys Ramond -21.29 55.71 2009 Sismologie 2013-08-20
PF PRO La Providence (ONF) -20.9 55.45 157.3 Sismologie 2012-05-30
PF RER Station Sismologique de Riviere de l'Est -21.17 55.74 834 Sismologie 1989-01-01
PF RMR Station Sismologique de roche merveilleuse -21.12 55.48 1475 Sismologie 1998-11-05 2014-07-28
PF RVL Station Sismologique de Rivals Ouest -21.26 55.7 2110 Sismologie 2011-01-01
PF SFR Station Soufriere -21.24 55.71 2530 Déformation, Météo 2001-10-08
PF SNE Station Sismologique de Soufriere nord est -21.24 55.72 2505 Sismologie 2011-01-01
PF TEO Station Sismologique de Theophane Begue -21.35 55.71 460 Sismologie 2009-08-20
PF TKR Station Sismologique de Takamaka -21.3 55.76 1000 Sismologie 1993-01-01
PF TTR Station Sismologique de piton trois tetes -21.19 55.78 856 Sismologie 2002-08-05
PF TXR Station Sismologique de piton textor -21.19 55.64 2150 Sismologie 1996-10-07
PF VIL Cratere Villele -21.28 55.72 1806 Sismologie 2011-05-16